The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It helps an editor-in-chief in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript.
Academic journal operates a blind peer review system.
Before accepting to review a manuscript reviewers should ensure that
- the manuscript is within their area of expertise.
- they can dedicate the appropriate time to conduct a critical review of the manuscript.
‘The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own’ Oxford Dictionaries
It is unethical for reviewers to “use information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others” COPE
In evaluating a manuscript, reviewers should focus on the following
- Contribution to the field
- Technical quality
- Clarity of presentation
- Depth of research
- Reviewers should also
- Observe that the author(s) have followed the instruction for authors, Editorial policies and publication ethics.
- Observe that the appropriate journal’s reporting guidelines is followed. The report should be accurate, objective, constructive and unambiguous. Comments should be backed by facts and constructive arguments with regards to the content of the manuscript. Reviewers should avoid using “hostile, derogatory and accusatory comments”
- Reviewers should not rewrite the manuscript; however necessary corrections and suggestions for improvements should be made.
Reviewers should only accept manuscript that they are confident that they can dedicate appropriate time in reviewing. Thus, reviewers should review and return manuscripts in a timely manner.
Reviewers’ recommendation should be either
- Requires minor corrections
- Requires moderate revision
- Requires major revision
- Not suitable for the journal. Submit to another publication such as (suggest a journal)
Recommendation should be backed with constructive arguments and facts based on the content of the manuscript.